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西方文明的四块基石

zhumiao:

2001年美国西雅图太平洋大学 Dr. John West 有关《魔戒》捍卫西方文明的演讲摘录。

I would like to define Western civilization as that civilization which embodies the confluence of Greco-Roman Judeo-Christian and pagan northern European cultures.

我想把西方文明定义为希腊-罗马文化、犹太-基督教文化和异教北欧文化融合交汇的一种文明。

The first foundation stone is natural law. Public moral judgments. An objective moral order.

第一个基石是自然法则。公共道德评判。客观道德法则。

A second foundation stone ... is the Fall. The inevitable imperfections of man. "All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God. " "Any man who has power is led to abuse it."

第二个基石是人的堕落。人无完人观点。“因为世人都犯了罪,亏缺了神的荣耀。” (保罗《罗马书》)“身怀权力必然导致权力滥用。” (孟德斯鸠《论法的精神》)

A third foundation stone of the West ... is freedom. Itinerary. The first is moral freedom. A second type of freedom central to the West is political and social.

第三个基石是自由。自由又称独立。之一,道德自由。之二,至关重要的自由是政治和社会自由。

A final foundation stone of the West ... is a sense of the transcendent. Today, however the chief enemy of the transcendent might be called scientific materialism.

最后一个基石就是超验观。然而当今超验说的主要敌人可能就是所谓的科学唯物主义。

Seattle Pacific University
西雅图太平洋大学
John G. West

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